Showing posts with label calvin coolidge. Show all posts
Showing posts with label calvin coolidge. Show all posts

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

February 12, 1924: First Presidential Political Speech Heard on Radio by 5 Million Listeners


Today in 1924, Calvin Coolidge, known by many as the 'Silent Cal', made the first presidential political speech on radio. The speech originated from New York City and was broadcast on five radio stations. Some five million people tuned in to hear the President speak.




Calvin Coolidge 1924 Speech


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This country needs every ounce of its energy to restore itself. The costs of government are all assessed upon the people.
This means that the farmer is doomed to provide a certain amount of money out of the sale of his produce, no matter how low the price, to pay his taxes. The manufacturer, the professional man, the clerk, must do the same from their income. The wage earner, often at a higher rate when compared to his earning, makes his contribution, perhaps not directly but indirectly, in the advanced cost of everything he buys.
The expenses of government reach everybody.
Taxes take from everyone a part of his earnings and force everyone to work for a certain part of his time for the government.
When we come to realize that the yearly expenses of the governments of this country...the stupendous sum of about 7 billion, 500 million dollars -- we get...700 million dollars -- is needed by the national government, and the remainder by local governments.
Such a sum is difficult to comprehend. It represents all the pay of five million wage earners receiving five dollars a day, working 300 days in the year. If the government should add 100 million dollars of expense, it would represent four days more work of these wage earners. These are some of the reasons why I want to cut down public expense.
I want the people of America to be able to work less for the government -- and more for themselves.
I want them to have the rewards of their own industry. This is the chief meaning of freedom.
Until we can reestablish a condition under which the earnings of the people can be kept by the people, we are bound to suffer a very severe and distinct curtailment of our liberty.
These results are not fanciful; they are not imaginary. They are grimly actual and real, reaching into every household in the land. They take from each home annually an average of over 300 dollars -- and taxes must be paid. They are not a voluntary contribution to be met out of surplus earnings. They are a stern necessity. They come first.
It is only out of what is left, after they are paid, that the necessities of food, clothing, and shelter can be provided and the comforts of home secured, or the yearnings of the soul -- for a broader and more abundant life gratified.
When the government affects a new economy, it grants everybody a life pension with which to raise the standard of existence. It increases the value of everybody's property, raises the scale of everybody's wages.
One of the greatest favors that can be bestowed upon the American people is economy in government.

Saturday, February 23, 2013

February 23, 1927: FRC Formed


February 23, 1927: On this day law about forming of Federal Radio Commission was signed by U.S. President Calvin Coolidge. The president wants this commission can makes regulation for radio stations, so in the future no more chaos that caused by unregulated radio stations. This commission makes regulation about frequencies, hours of operation and power allocation for radio broadcasters across the US. On 1st July 1934, Federal Radio Commission was changed into Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

The Federal Radio Commission (FRC) was a government body that produced regulation of  radio use "as the public convenience, interest, or necessity requires." in the United States.  On December 21, 1926 Senator Clarence Dill and W.H. White proposed The Dill White Bill was  the first bill actually considered by the Senate to start regulating the radio waves. The bill gift the power to regulate radio waves and licenses to a committee of five members (one member representing each time zone). After a month of debates on Senate floor, on February 18, 1927, the bill was signed as the Radio Act of 1927 . The Radio Act of 1927 given regulatory powers over radio communication to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor.  FCC guidelines oversaw the Golden Age of Radio broadcasts in subsequent decades.